Tag Archive | "tutorial"

A Very Small Webpage


This entry is part 3 of 5 in the series Web Coding For People Who Are Tired of Being Called Dummies (click to view in order)

Here is a very small webpage. Almost as small as you can get, and still call it a webpage.

<html>
<head>
<title>A Webpage!</title>
</head>
<body>
I like fishsticks!
</body>
</html>

That’s not so bad, right? Code is like a crocodile, it’s not so scary when it’s small. So you just need to break it down into smaller and smaller chunks until you get it. Let’s take a look at each piece of our webpage. The <html> tag says “start the webpage”. The </html> tag at the end says “end the webpage”. (Remember, a tag with a “/” at the beginning means to end the tag.)

So look inside the <html> tag and the </html> tags in the code above. You’ll see two major chunks: The head, and the body. The head contains information about the webpage like the title (which you can see up in the title bar of the window), style information, and external resources to name a few. The body contains what we see on the page.

Since the <title> tags belongs inside the head tags, they’re said to be nested.

<head>
<title>A Webpage!</title>
</head>

Our <body> tags don’t contain much. Just one sentence reflecting my fondness for fish in stick form. Then the body ends. Then webpage ends. So now you know what tags are, you know what they do, and how they function. Do you feel like you just found out magic trick works? Turns out it wasn’t so amazing after all.

This is coding. All the rules are insanely simple, it’s just how we put them together that makes them interesting. Next, we’ll talk tags.

Posted in CodeComments (0)

You Can Code


This entry is part 1 of 5 in the series Web Coding For People Who Are Tired of Being Called Dummies (click to view in order)

Code is scary. Here is some intimidating code from the Perl Programming Language:

use push_pull;
$data_bytes = pack "C10", 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9;
$data = new push_pull::CkByteData();
$data->append($data_bytes,10);
$blockSize = 16;
$paddingScheme = 0;
$data->pad($blockSize,$paddingScheme);
print $data->getEncoded("hex") . "\r\n";

Yikes.

I have no idea what this does, but just looking makes me want to join the Amish. It looks like some foreign language, and nothing could be more daunting than looking at newspaper in another language. Who has time to learn another language? No one. Ever.

Good news! This is English! It’s just a set of instructions for the machine to follow. Simple ones. Learn the instructions, learn the language, triumphant victory.

The first language you want to learn is HTML. HyperText Markup Language. This language is structural. It structures your data into a webpage. You “markup” your content with tags.

A tag looks like this:

<strong>

A slash is used to end a tag. Like so:

</strong>

Here is how you use one:

Something is <strong>wrong</strong> with grandma.

The strong tag causes things to become bold. The code above will produce this:

Something is wrong with grandma.

Easy, no? That’s HTML. There is nothing more to it. There are quite a few tags to learn, but they all obey the same rules. There are tags to place an image, tags to turn text into links, every piece of a webpage is defined by a tag. Even the webpage itself. (It’s the <html> tag).

So, what exactly is a website, anyway?

Posted in CodeComments (0)


<ul><li><strong>woo_1col_height</strong> - 200</li><li><strong>woo_2col_height</strong> - 200</li><li><strong>woo_3col_height</strong> - 150</li><li><strong>woo_4col_height</strong> - 100</li><li><strong>woo_about_button</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_about_enable</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_about_header</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_about_photo</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_about_text</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ads_rotate</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_adsense</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_disable</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_image</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/woothemes-468x60-2.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_1</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125a.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_2</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125b.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_3</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125c.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_4</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125d.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_adsense</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_disable</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_image</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_url</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_top</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_adsense</strong> - <script type=\"text/javascript\"><!--
google_ad_client = \"pub-7104284053033310\";
/* whit.info 468x60, created 3/16/10 */
google_ad_slot = \"1507544677\";
google_ad_width = 468;
google_ad_height = 60;
//-->
</script>
<script type=\"text/javascript\"
src=\"http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js\">
</script></li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_disable</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_image</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/468x60a.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_1</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_2</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_3</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_4</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_all_category_title</strong> - Categories</li><li><strong>woo_alt_stylesheet</strong> - darkblue.css</li><li><strong>woo_archives</strong> - Select a page:</li><li><strong>woo_archive_layout</strong> - 3_columns.php</li><li><strong>woo_author</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_auto_img</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_block_image</strong> - http://whit.info/blog/wp-content/themes/livewire/images/300x250.gif</li><li><strong>woo_block_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_blog_category</strong> - Select a category:</li><li><strong>woo_blog_cat_id</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_blog_navigation</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_blog_navigation_footer</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_blog_permalink</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_blog_sidebar</strong> - Select a sidebar:</li><li><strong>woo_blog_subnavigation</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_breadcrumbs</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_button_link</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_cat_menu</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_custom_css</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_custom_favicon</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_disclaimer</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_enable_all_category</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_enable_blog_category</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_exclude_pages_footer</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_exclude_pages_main</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_exclude_pages_subnav</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_featured_category</strong> - Featured</li><li><strong>woo_feat_entries</strong> - 1</li><li><strong>woo_feat_height</strong> - 210</li><li><strong>woo_feat_width</strong> - 280</li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_id</strong> - Feedburner ID</li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_url</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_flickr_entries</strong> - Select a Number:</li><li><strong>woo_flickr_id</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_flickr_url</strong> - Flickr URL</li><li><strong>woo_google_analytics</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_home</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_homepage</strong> - layout-default.php</li><li><strong>woo_home_layout</strong> - 3_columns.php</li><li><strong>woo_home_sidebar</strong> - Select a sidebar:</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_height</strong> - 57</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_width</strong> - 100</li><li><strong>woo_image_single</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_inc_intro_page</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_inc_intro_page_left</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_inc_intro_page_right</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_inc_tabber_pages</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_intro_page</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_intro_page_left</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_intro_page_right</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_layout</strong> - blog.php</li><li><strong>woo_logo</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_mag_featured</strong> - Select a number:</li><li><strong>woo_mag_secondary</strong> - Select a number:</li><li><strong>woo_manual</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/support/theme-documentation/gazette-edition/</li><li><strong>woo_mid_exclude</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_nav_exclude</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_other_entries</strong> - Select a Number:</li><li><strong>woo_page_sidebar</strong> - Select a sidebar:</li><li><strong>woo_port_images</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_resize</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_shortname</strong> - woo</li><li><strong>woo_show_carousel</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_show_video</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_single_height</strong> - 180</li><li><strong>woo_single_width</strong> - 250</li><li><strong>woo_slider</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_smallthumb_height</strong> - 42</li><li><strong>woo_smallthumb_width</strong> - 56</li><li><strong>woo_subnav</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_tabber_pages</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_tabs</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_themename</strong> - Gazette</li><li><strong>woo_the_content</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_thumb_height</strong> - 76</li><li><strong>woo_thumb_width</strong> - 100</li><li><strong>woo_twitter</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_twitter_enable</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_twitter_username</strong> - woothemes</li><li><strong>woo_video_category</strong> - Select a category:</li></ul>